Last Updated: Sep 15, 2020 @ 9:38 pm

Preventing Broken Eggs in your Nesting Boxes:

When chatting up the benefits of keeping chickens, few people mention the battle to keep clean, soft nesting material in a nesting box with hens that are constantly “rearranging” their nest.  If you’ve kept chickens for long, chances are you’ve found yourself cleaning raw egg out of a nesting box more than once.

eggshell broken by hen in nesting box

Rearranging their nest is a normal part of chicken nesting behavior, but often hens get carried away and clear a once softly-bedded nesting box to a hard piece of wood protected only by a few sparse pieces of straw. Once the hard bottom of the nest is exposed it’s easy for a hen to accidentally break eggs as she gets in or out of the nest or bickers with other hens over who gets to use their favorite nesting box.

The Solution: A Modern Replacement for Nesting Material

After cleaning up many broken eggs, I decided to experiment with materials to create a soft nest base that would be easy to clean and impossible to move.  I wondered if it could work to line the nesting boxes in thick astroturf.

fake grass for chicken coops
Astroturf by the square foot this upgrade paid for itself by eliminating broken eggs in nests.

I was curious about experimenting with astroturf as the only nesting material provided, so I purchased a few square feet of thick synthetic turf. The turf I used for my coop is about 1.5″ deep, very dense, and soft to the touch. Buy it by the square foot here. Thin outdoor carpet style turf that putting greens use is easier to find, but I didn’t think it would cushion enough or simulate natural bedding.

How to create a safe, comfortable, and easy to clean nesting box in your chicken coop.
Thick football-field style astroturf is a deep and soft nesting material. Read on for a step by step tutorial of my process.

When I initially introduced the new synthetic bedding the hens briefly revolted, however placing wooden eggs in the center of each newly bedded nest and blocking off the alternate area they were nesting in during their protest resulted in total success.

When I first penned this article, I’d been using the mats as nest liner for 8 weeks and was immediately pleased with the result. We were able to clean them easily by removing the mats and smacking them against the side of the coop like a rug. This removes the vast majority of debris. The soft mats have completely ended egg-loss that had been caused by eggs bumping boards under scattered straw nesting material. I expect cleaning up tougher messes will involve just a  brief soak in a bucket and hosing off (read on to learn more about how I routinely clean mine)


Supplies you’ll need to DIY your own Turf nesting box liners: 


FALL 2020 Update: Great news, turf manufacturers have responded to the popularity of this DIY post and have now added precut 12.5×12.5″ turf nesting box liners on Amazon

If you need to buy a strip to cut to fit another dimension of nesting box, click here to find the turf strips in the pile thickness I’ve tested

Here’s How I Made my Easy Clean Nesting Boxes:

I bought a 12″ x 48″ strip of astroturf and cut it into squares sized to fit in my coop’s nesting boxes.

Lining Chicken Nesting Boxes with Astro-Turf for Easy Cleaning-

I hoped the thick pile would feel enough like natural grass that the chickens would adapt to it without needing additional nesting material:

Lining Chicken Nesting Boxes with Astro-Turf for Easy Cleaning-

First, I totally cleaned out my nesting boxes. Then I added a few strips of silicone caulking to the bottom of my new mats to add a non-slip grip to help keep the turf mats from slipping. I allowed the caulking to completely dry before adding the turf to the nesting boxes, since I did not want to glue the mats down, only provide traction.

Lining Chicken Nesting Boxes with Astro-Turf for Easy Cleaning-

Once the silicone was dry, I added the turf mats:

…And added a few wooden eggs for motivation. Here’s an interior view of my reach-through nesting boxes. My DIY nesting boxes are made from salvaged shipping crates. I just turned the crates on their side, removed the bottom of the crate and then cut a hole in the wall behind them. (For other shipping crate inspired DIYs, check out my Shipping Crate to Planter post)

Initially, my hens wanted to lay on top of the boxes, so the portion above the nesting boxes is filled tightly with crumpled chicken wire salvaged from another project:

Lining Chicken Nesting Boxes with Astro-Turf for Easy Cleaning-


Once I blocked off the alternate area above the nesting boxes, success was immediate! Almost immediately my hens began happily laying eggs in their astro-turf lined nesting boxes.

Lining Chicken Nesting Boxes with Astro-Turf for Easy Cleaning-

Aside from being easy to clean, I really like that this nesting medium makes it very easy to spot any droppings in the nest. Dirt and droppings tend to blend into a straw nest and often end up transferring to the eggshells. With the astroturf nest I can see right away when I need to pull a mat and shake it off, and my eggs are cleaner than ever.

astro turf chicken coop nesting box liner
Bright green bedding makes it easy to spot when the nesting box needs cleaned, which means cleaner eggs and no need to wash off the natural protective coating before selling.


How to create a safe, comfortable, and easy to clean nesting box in your chicken coop.

A Request:

Thanks for checking out this tutorial! If you sell your eggs for $4/dozen, and if this tip saves 1 egg per week from breaking, then this article saved you $19 over the next year! Would you consider saying thanks by buying me a coffee or reviewing our partner’s offers so that the blog keeps rolling?

Update  & How to Deep-Clean:

Years in, I still LOVE these liners! My hens have fully adapted to laying eggs on the astro-turf and I even had two chickens happily go broody on the artificial grass-lined nests last summer.

With two broody hens in attack-mode and several weeks of temperatures in the 100’s, I was not good about collecting eggs regularly last August. As a result, my turf nest liners ended up really dirty, with broken shells and rotten egg dried to the mat.

Although a gross cleanup job, it was a good opportunity to put these mats to the test. The Result? I was thrilled with how easily they cleaned up! Cleaning was simple and this method worked well:

1. I pulled mats out of nesting boxes and slapped them against the side of the coop to dislodge loose debris.

2. I then placed mats in a big bucket, filled the bucket with water, and splashed a generous portion of white vinegar on top (about 3 cups to my 10-gallon tub)

3. I left the mats to sit in vinegar-water for about 30 minutes.

4. After 30 minutes, I dumped the now-dirty vinegar water, refilled the bucket with clean water, sloshed mats around, and dumped. I repeated this rinse 3-4 times until water ran clear. The artificial grass was like a sponge to clean, so once the dried-on egg was soaked and soft, they cleaned up easily.

(For faster cleaning, you could also take the mats to a carwash and use the floor mat clips to hold while pressure washing the mats)

5. I think the mats could have gone back in the coop the same afternoon, but I left them on the coop’s roof to dry overnight and placed the artificial grass mats back in the nesting box the next morning.

astrotuf nesting box liners soaking in vinegar solution
Turf nesting liners are easy to deep clean with a bucket, vinegar, and water.


Environmental Impact

A few of the comments below have been about the environmental impact of using astroturf nesting box liners vs traditional straw for lining nesting boxes. It’s an important point to consider, but I think at the end of the day it’s probably a wash due to the durability and reusability of the astroturf. Straw, which is quickly scattered and requires replacement, is grown in fields that may require irrigation, harvest by heavy machinery, loading by often underpaid workers, and trucking to agricultural supply stores. A 12″ x 12″ square of Astroturf, although not biodegradable, works for years and years (I’m using the same mats now that I cut in 2013/2014) and because of that likely does not have a greater environmental impact than using straw.


Want more? Check out a tour of my renovated 100 year old chicken coop or my tutorial on how to get plants to grow in a chicken run

Lining Chicken Nesting Boxes with Astro-Turf for Easy Cleaning- Lining Chicken Nesting Boxes with Astro-Turf for Easy Cleaning-



18 thoughts on “Easy Chicken Coop Upgrade: Astroturf Lined Nesting Boxes”

  1. Love your AstroTurf idea! Only thing better would be another set of mats so you could rotate a clean set while you wash/dry the soiled set.

  2. This is a cute idea. However, given that there is evidence that Astro turf is causing cancer in child athletes, I’m not sure if it is a very safe alternative. I wonder if it’s the turf that’s the issue or the “dirt” pellets.

    1. This sounds like an awesome idea just don’t use the crumb rubber layer underneath and you are good to go. There has been no research connecting cancer with astro turf as yet. There seems to be correlation specifically with goal keepers who have developed lymphoma and it is postalized that this is because of their much more close interaction with the turf and the crumb rubber layer beneath. I attend the University of Washington School of Medicine and the initial work was started by the University of Washington women’s soccer coach. That doesn’t mean there is not a link, just that there is no body of evidence to support the connection as yet. Here is an article that sums up the issue pretty well.

  3. We have been using the astro turf for a year + now. As soon as they get a little dirty they get smacked out like a carpet. BUT! we noticed little black bugs and worm type bugs under the mats. Once the mat is removed they scurry and seemingly disappear until the mat is replaced and they then return. We took our “girls” to auction and noticed the next morning that the little bugs were all in the boxes still but dead. No chickens = death to the bugs. The coop and mats were given a pressure washing and left to dry for 3 days before the next round of chickens. Any idea how to keep the bugs from reappearing? Love, love the mats.

    1. That’s interesting! I wonder what they were, and if they are linked to the AstroTurf bedding or just noticable because it is so easy to clean and doesn’t leave little pieces of debris like stray bedding.

      I’d try dusting the boxes, under the mats, with diatomaceous earth powder, and maybe a bit on top of the turf as well so it would settle down into the fibers.

      1. Please use food grade diatomaceous earth only. Also when one hen went off lay and morose I boiled up rice added dessertspoon of DE mixed it, warm, and boy did the hens go for it! Quite a cure I believe for worms. will use it again!

      2. I have these little bugs too and I use straw in my coop. I also use food grade DE and I still get them. I haven’t a clue as to what they are, but as near as I can tell they haven’t hurt my chickens. It’s a mystery.

  4. I have spent some time here this morning perusing all the posts on your 100 year old coop. I love it! Simple, functional and very cute from the outside. Thank you for sharing it!

  5. Hello, Im fairly new to chicken keeping and I was wondering if these pads would harbor mites??? its been an issue in my coops for over a year now (got chicks from another state that were full of them) did not know that until the last one was on its way out…. I also have hens that have decided that they should sleep in the nest boxes and poop in them.. so i have that issue too… Im using those “straw” like nest pads but tis getting REALLY expensive cause every other day they have to be thrown out and filling 12 nest boxes is a bit much!! SO I am just wondering if this is maybe the way i should go? OH and my chickens are diggers, so I wonder if they would dig a hole into these? If anybody has any ideas PLEASE I’m all ears…

    1. Hi Alissa! Thanks for your questions! I’m not sure if these pads would harbor mites- but am pretty confident they’d be easy to pre-treat- or clean if they did get infected. You might just want to sprinkle some of whatever you are using to treat your mite problem directly onto the turf pads before installation. They hold up great to scratching and pecking!

      I do have one tip you might try to fix the issue of chickens sleeping in the nesting boxes: make sure your coop’s roost is higher than the nesting boxes. You may need to raise your roost or lower you nesting boxes but chickens will naturally sleep in the highest position that looks cozy. Also because it’s now habit to sleep in the nesting boxes, you may want to temporarily start preventing access to the nesting boxes from late afternoon to morning. You could try a tarp-curtain tacked across the entrance or something more sturdy like a sheet of plywood.

  6. Thank you for posting this!! I’ve been using the artificial turf in my girls’ boxes for the past 6 mos & it’s the best thing EVER!!
    Happy girls make happy eggs make happy mamma!!

  7. I love the idea of using AstroTurf for bedding! My hens
    scratch and shove out every type of bedding I have tried. I can’t imagine why they want to sit on hard board! My question is what did you use to cut your turf with and was it hard to cut? Did you have problems with it unraveling? Thanks !!
    Lori B

    1. Hi Lori! Thanks for reading- I hope this method works for you- it really is a great upgrade to my coop. The turf matt has a thin rubber-type backing, which you can carefully cut with a box cutter or even a good pair of scissors- just be sure to cut only the mat- not the blades of faux grass, or you’ll end up with bits of grass everywhere! Because it’s mounted on a matt- not woven together, unraveling isn’t an issue. Good luck with your turf nesting boxes!

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